National Farmers’ Bank Building
Open during normal business hours.
Louis H. Sullivan, 1908
Without a doubt, the most famous and frequently visited Prairie School commercial building. Standing as a marker at the beginning of the second great creative period of Sullivan’s life, the National Farmers’ Bank building represents not only Sullivan’s talents but the contributions of his faithful draftsman George Grant Elmslie and his enthusiastic client Carl Bennett. It marks a turning in Sullivan’s career from the design of high-rise urban commercial buildings to smaller structures in modest towns.
The bank originally occupied the great cubical portion of the building, while a printing company rented the rear. The bank has subsequently moved into the entire structure, and constructed a drive-through facility across the street.
The tapestry brick exterior is enriched by terra cotta ornament and tile mosaic borders.
Seen in several locations within and without, the “B” represents Carl Bennett, whose family owned the bank.
This building well represents the Prairie School’s concern that each building be a complete work of art. Even small details are given careful attention.
The breathtaking interior was described by Sullivan as a “color symphony.” Executed with the assistance of Louis J. Millet, the frescoes combine 240 shades of yellow, red, orange and green.
The cast iron “electroliers” weigh over two tons each, and are supported by iron beams that frame the art glass skylight.
The whimsical light fixtures that frame the main entrance echo the form of the bank building itself.
Some of the original bank furniture still exists. This bench is now located on the balcony above the central tellers windows, behind the clock, where a small historical exhibit is located. The bank welcomes visitors.
Placed in the National Register of Historic Places, 1976.
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